Marijuana advocates mark milestones
FILE - In this Wednesday, Nov. 7, 2012 file photo, a medical marijuana plant grows at the Northwest Patient Resource Center medical marijuana dispensary, in Seattle. Votes this week by Colorado and Washington to allow adult marijuana possession have prompted what could be a turning point in the nation's conflicted and confusing war on drugs. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)
FILE - In this March 15, 1973, file photo President Nixon tells a White House news conference that he will not allow his legal counsel, John Dean, to testify on Capitol Hill in the Watergate investigation and challenged the Senate to test him in the Supreme Court. A feisty Nixon defended his shredded legacy and Watergate-era actions in grand jury testimony that he thought would never come out. On Thursday, Nov. 10, 2011, it did. (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi, File)
KRT US NEWS STORY SLUGGED: REAGAN-OBIT KRT PHOTO COURTESY RONALD REAGAN PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY (June 4) Former President Ronald Reagan at a campaign rally in New York City on September 12, 1984. (mvw) 2004
Map of the U.S. highlighting states that have legalized medical marijuana; includes a chart showing key aspects of state medical marijuana laws, such as year enacted, possession limit, whether home cultivation is allowed and if dispensaries are allowed. Chicago Tribune 2012
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April 29, 1911: Massachusetts becomes the first state to ban marijuana.
Aug. 2, 1937: President Franklin Roosevelt bans marijuana use, production, and sales, including industrial hemp. In 1941, Roosevelt signs an executive order allowing emergency hemp production during World War II for canvas, cords, rope and oil.
1945: At the conclusion of World War II, the government re-bans industrial hemp.
1965: Poet Allen Ginsberg organizes one of the first public protests against marijuana prohibition laws. This eventually leads to the creation of the California-based reform organization Amorphia.
1968-1969: Appellate court challenged to anti-marijuana laws lead the federal government to create the Controlled Substances Act and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) in 1970.
1970: Attorney R. Keith Stroup founds the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML).
1972: The Shafer Commission recommends that marijuana be decriminalized for personal use and that personal cultivation be allowed. President Richard Nixon and Congress reject those recommendations.
1973: Oregon becomes the first state to decriminalize marijuana.
1975: Robert Randall of Washington, D.C., becomes the first legal medical marijuana patient in America.
1988: DEA Administrative Law Judge Francis Young rules in favor of NORML to make marijuana a medicine. The Reagan administration appeals ruling to uphold an across-the-board ban of the drug.
1991: San Francisco becomes the first U.S. city to pass an ordinance in favor of medical patients having access to marijuana.
1998: Oregon voters defeat an effort to “re-criminalize” marijuana by 68 to 32 percent.
1999-2011: Maine, Nevada, Colorado, Hawaii, Montana, Vermont, Rhode Island, New Mexico, Michigan, Arizona, Washington, D.C., New Jersey and Delaware pass medical marijuana legislation.